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Archive for September 27th, 2010

Six foreign beggars charged for illegal stay

Posted by Administrator on September 27, 2010

Six Tanzanians arrested in Embu for being in Kenya illegally will be repatriated back to their country immediately, a court has ruled.

The six had been begging in the town pretending to be disabled as well as posing as sick to receive alms from residents.

Days after a similar scam involving foreigners was exposed in Nairobi, the racket seems to have moved to smaller towns.

According to the police, the culprits were being dropped in the town’s Central Business District in the morning by a saloon vehicle which picked them in the evening.

On the day of the arrest, they were picked from the lodge counting the day’s earnings which amounted to Sh8,500.

Helen Mangu Kiruru, Eliza Sumbuku, Josphine Majula, Marita Kasambi, Doris Basede and Patrol Mangu pleaded guilty for being in the country illegally and contravening the immigration act before resident magistrate Eunice Nyutu .

The magistrate ordered that the five women and one man be repatriated to their country within the shortest time possible after treating them as first offenders.

The foreigners said that they had come into the country with dreams of making a break after hearing of better opportunities here.

“My parents informed me that there are better opportunities in Kenya and advised me to accompany my aunt (Josphine Majula) for a fresh break in life,” said Patrol Mangu.

The aliens were arrested in a lodging in Embu after the public alerted the police who trailed the suspects as they were being dropped in the morning and picked in the evening.

According to the Embu west DC Maalim Mohamed, the public was easily wooed after seeing bandages painted in red and urinary catheters attached to the culprits bodies.

“They told us that they had heard that Kenyans have pity at the disadvantaged members of the society and that they had come to try their luck,” said the DC adding that they were contravening the spirit of the East Africa Community which allowed for free movement of the residents of member states across the region from July.

The six were from Brieda district in Tanzania.

A worker at the lodge told the Nation that the culprits used to purchase beer from the counter and take it to their rooms.

Source: Daily Nation

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Kenyan fights conviction after falsely representing himself as a US citizen

Posted by Administrator on September 27, 2010



No. 10-10732. Non-Argument Calendar.

United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit.

September 24, 2010.

Before CARNES, BARKETT and HULL, Circuit Judges.



Peter Makusi Otemba Owuor, a citizen of Kenya, appeals his convictions for falsely representing himself to be a United States citizen, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 911, and making false statements, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(2).


On May 23, 2008, Owuor was in the booking area of the Montgomery City Jail waiting to be booked on outstanding state warrants. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agents Diamond and Henderson were also in the booking area, waiting to book two individuals for immigration violations. The agents overheard Owuor speaking to a city police officer and noticed that he had a strong accent. The agents and Owuor entered into a conversation. During that conversation, the agents asked Owuor where he was from. He stated that he was a United States citizen and was born in Atlanta, Georgia. Agent Henderson then requested Owuor’s arrest report from a city police officer and noticed that no social security number was listed on the report. Henderson asked Owuor for his social security number, and he provided it.

After returning to their office, the ICE agents ran Owuor’s name through the National Crime Information Center. The NCIC report showed that Owuor had a criminal record and listed Kenya as his country of birth. The agents also called the Social Security Administration and were told that the social security number Owuor had provided belonged to someone else. The agents then returned to the jail and interviewed Owuor, who was in handcuffs, in a visitation room. The agents asked Owuor about his citizenship and he reiterated that he was a U.S. citizen. Owuor explained that his father was a citizen of Kenya, but his mother was a U.S. citizen. He also told the agents that he had a U.S. passport but that it was issued in a different name. After those statements were made, the agents gave Owuor a Miranda warning, and the interview ceased.

On July 28, 2008, Owuor was indicted by a grand jury sitting in the Middle District of Alabama. He was charged with falsely representing himself to be a United States citizen, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 911, and making false statements, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(2). The charges were based only on Owuor’s statements to the ICE agents during the interview in the visitation room. Before trial, Owuor filed motions to suppress all his statements to the agents and to dismiss the indictment. The district court denied both motions, and the case proceeded to a jury trial. Owuor was found guilty as charged. This is his appeal.


Rule 12(d) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure provides that “when factual issues are involved in deciding a [pretrial] motion, the court must state its essential findings on the record.” Fed. R. Crim. P. 12(d). Owuor contends that the district court violated Rule 12(d) in its May 5, 2009 Memorandum Opinion and Order by failing to make detailed findings regarding the credibility of ICE Agents Diamond and Henderson. We find no merit in his position. The district court’s order adequately explained its legal conclusions and its findings of fact upon which those conclusions were based. Cf. United States v. Ramstad, 219 F.3d 1263, 1265 (10th Cir. 2000) (finding rule violated where the district court did not make any findings or otherwise explain its denial of the defendant’s motion to suppress); United States v. Moore, 936 F.2d 287, 288-89 (6th Cir. 1991) (finding rule violated where district court denied defendant’s motion to suppress without explanation). To the extent that the district court relied on the ICE agents’ testimony, implicit in the court’s order is its determination that the agents were credible. The district court did not violate Rule 12(d).


Owuor also contends that the district court erred in denying his motion to suppress his statements to the ICE agents because he was not given a Miranda warning until after those statements were made. “We apply a mixed standard of review to the denial of a suppression motion, reviewing the district court’s findings of fact for clear error and its application of the law to those facts de novo.” United States v. Farley, 607 F.3d 1294, 1325 (11th Cir. 2010).

In United States v. Kirk, 528 F.2d 1057 (5th Cir. 1976),[ 1 ] the defendant was arrested for public intoxication while hitchiking near San Antonio, Texas. Id. at 1059. When asked by city police officers where he was going, the defendant stated that he was going to Washington to kill the President of the United States. Id. at 1059-60. The city police officers then gave the defendant a Miranda warning and took him to the police station. At the station, the officers contacted the Secret Service and informed them about the defendant’s threat on the President’s life. Id. at 1060. Shortly thereafter, two Secret Service agents went to the police station to interrogate the defendant. Without giving the defendant another Miranda warning, the agents asked the defendant what he was doing in San Antonio and why he wanted to harm the President. In response, the defendant stated that the President and other politicians “were responsible for the bad condition of our country” and that “I’m going to fix things. I’m going to blow [his] brains out.” Id. (quotation marks omitted). Based on that threat alone, the defendant was charged and convicted of threatening the life of the President of the United States, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 871. Id.

The defendant argued on appeal that the district court erred by admitting his threat into evidence because the Secret Service agents did not advise him of his Miranda rights before their interrogation. See id. at 1061. Our predecessor court rejected the defendant’s argument, reasoning that “[t]he Fifth Amendment’s prohibition against self-incrimination relates to crimes alleged to have been committed prior to the time when the testimony is sought.” Id. (emphasis added). Because the defendant’s threat was itself a crime, the court concluded that his Fifth Amendment rights were not violated. See id. at 1062 (explaining that “no fifth amendment problem is presented when a statement is admitted into evidence which is not confessional in nature, but in and of itself constitutes the crime charged”); see also United States v. Paskett, 950 F.2d 705, 708 (11th Cir. 1992) (explaining that “no person has a constitutional right to be warned of his rights before he commits a crime” (quotation marks omitted)); United States v. Smith, 7 F.3d 1164, 1167 (5th Cir. 1993) (concluding that defendant’s threat to kill the president of the United States was admissible even if a Miranda violation occurred because the threat was a new crime rather than evidence of a prior offense); United States v. Mitchell, 812 F.2d 1250, 1254 (9th Cir. 1987) (rejecting argument that the exclusionary rule bars prosecution of the crime itself), overruled on other grounds by Planned Parenthood of Columbia/Willamette, Inc., v. Am. Coalition of Life Activists, 290 F.3d 1058, 1066-70 (9th Cir. 2002).

Kirk controls the outcome of this case. As in Kirk, Owuor’s statements to the ICE agents in the visitation room were new crimes rather than statements that related to past crimes. Accordingly, there is “no fifth amendment problem,” see Kirk, 528 F.2d at 1061-62, and the district court did not err in denying Owuor’s suppression motion.


Owuor also contends that the district court erred by giving an Allen charge to the jury. We review that decision only for abuse of discretion. United States v. Woodard, 531 F.3d 1352, 1364 (11th Cir. 2008). “We will find that a district court has abused its discretion in giving [an] Allen charge only if the charge was inherently coercive.” Id. In determining whether the charge was coercive, “we consider the language of the charge and the totality of the circumstances under which it was delivered . . . .” Id.

The charge given by the district court was almost identical to the modified Allen charge in the Eleventh Circuit Pattern Jury Instructions. See U.S. Eleventh Circuit Pattern Jury Instructions (Criminal Cases), Trial Instructions n.7 (West 2003). We have approved the use of that instruction on several occasions. See e.g., United States v. Chigbo, 38 F.3d 543, 546 (11th Cir. 1994). Nothing in the circumstances surrounding the reading of the charge was coercive. The district court gave the Allen charge after the jury announced that it was deadlocked and did not poll the jury before reading the charge. At the time the charge was given, the jurors had deliberated for roughly four hours. The fact that the jury returned a verdict about 20 minutes later is not enough to find the charge coercive. See United States v. Scruggs, 583 F.2d 238, 240-41 (5th Cir. 1978) (finding that Allen charge was not coercive where charge was given after four and a half hours of deliberations and was read forty-eight minutes before the jury returned a verdict); Chigbo, 38 F.3d at 546 (concluding that 30 minutes between Allen charge and the jury’s verdict was not enough to find the charge coercive). No abuse of discretion occurred.


1. In Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 1206, 1209 (11th Cir. 1981) (en banc), we adopted as binding precedent all decisions of the former Fifth Circuit before October 1, 1981.


This copy provided by Leagle, Inc.





Posted in Diaspora News, Kenya | 5 Comments »

Wife Found Dead On Kitchen Floor; Husband Charged

Posted by Administrator on September 27, 2010


Fredrick Gathoga who has been charged with murder of his wife Naomi Mwangi in Georgia

Fredrick Gathoga who has been charged with murder of his wife Naomi Mwangi in Georgia

PALMETTO, Ga. A Fulton County man accused of killing his wife is scheduled to go to court Monday morning.

Palmetto Police Department officials said a Palmetto man was charged with murder after his wife was found dead on Saturday.

The incident happened at a home on Carlton Point Drive around 2:30 a.m.

Officers responding to a 911 call at the home said when they arrived they found Naomi Mwangi lying dead on the kitchen floor.

Moments later, Mwangi’s husband, Fredrick Gathoga, 41, was taken into police custody. He was later charged with murder, John Bankhead with the Georgia Bureau of Investigation said.

Medical Examiner’s Office officials said Mwangi was killed by blunt force trauma to the head.

Police said she was killed during an argument.

Source: WSBTV

The family of the slain woman -Naomi Mwangi is seeking help. Naomi left behind two children Jedidah Mwangi,11 and Daniel Mwangi 8. The family is requesting assistance to help transport Naomi’s body home. More will be posted later. For now, you can contact Francis Kangangi and Sarah Gathogo on cellphone 404-379-1964. Their address is 4050 Morgan Rd #212, Union City, GA 30291

Posted in Diaspora News, Kenya | 22 Comments »

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